KISHON, EPHRAIM (formerly Ferenc-Kishont; 1924–2005), Israeli satirist, playwright, film writer, and director. Born in Budapest as Ferenc Hoffman, Kishon studied sculpture and painting. After the Nazi invasion of Hungary, he was deported to a concentration camp and managed to escape and survive in hiding in Budapest. "They made a mistake – they left one satirist alive," he wrote in his book "The Scapegoat." Kishon began publishing humorous essays and writing for the stage in post-war Communist Hungary. He immigrated to Israel in 1949 and acquired a mastery of Hebrew with remarkable speed, starting a regular satirical column in the easy-Hebrew daily, Omer, after only two years in the country. From 1952, he wrote a column (called "Ḥad Gadya") which became one of the most popular in the country. It appeared in the daily Ma'ariv, and was devoted largely to political and social satire but included essays of pure humor. His extraordinary inventiveness, both in the use of language and the creation of character, was applied also to the writing of innumerable sketches for theatrical revues. His full-length play, Ha-Ketubbah, "The Marriage Contract," had one of the longest runs in the Israeli Theater, while his feature films, Sallah Shabbati and Blaumilch Canal, which he wrote, directed, and produced, enjoyed international distribution. His sketches and plays have been performed, in translation, on the stages and television networks of several countries. Many titles and various collections of his humorous writings have appeared in Hebrew as well as in translation, the English translations including Look Back Mrs. Lot (1960), Noah's Ark, Tourist Class (1962), The Sea-sick Whale (1965), and two books on the Six-Day War and its aftermath, So Sorry We Won (1967), and Woe to the Victors (1969). Two collections of his plays have also appeared in Hebrew, Shemo Holekh Lefanav (1953) and Ma'arkhonim (1959). In many ways, Kishon, an immigrant who never got rid of his Hungarian accent, shaped the notion of "Israeliness." An ardent Israeli patriot, he was one of Israel's best unofficial ambassadors abroad, and spent the last years of his life in Switzerland and Tel Aviv. Kishon published the Hebrew novel "The Bald Truth" in 1998; a collection of articles, "Picasso's Sweet Revenge," in 2002; and many books for children. In 2002 he was awarded the Israel Prize for his lifetime achievement and for his contribution to society and state. By 2005, 43 million copies of Kishon's books had appeared in translation worldwide, 33 million in Germany alone. In fact, Kishon's books played an important role in shaping the image of Israel and the Israeli in postwar Germany and kindled the interest of many readers and publishers in Israel and its modern literature. In 1978 he was honored with the Aachen "Carnival Society Against Deadly Seriousness" award, the most distinguished award in West Germany for humorous works. For a list of Kishon's works in English translation, see Goell, Bibliography, and the ITHL website at -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Kressel, Leksikon, 2 (1967), 756. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: R.L. Cargnelli, "L'humour israeliano: E. Kishon," in: Rassegna Mensile di Israel, 35 (1969), 454–60; N. Bacharach, "Olim ve-Koletim bi-Shenot ha-Ḥamishim bi-Re'i Yeẓirato shel E. Kishon,"in: Alon la-Moreh le-Sifrut, 16 (1996), 109–22; A. Zanger, "Zionism and the Detective: Imaginary Territories in Israeli Popular Cinema of the 1960s," in: Journal of Modern Jewish Studies, 3:3 (2004), 307–17; Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (January 31, 2005). (Getzel Kressel / Anat Feinberg (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Kishon, Ephraim — ▪ 2006 Ferenc Hoffmann        Hungarian born Israeli satirist (b. Aug. 23, 1924, Budapest, Hung. d. Jan. 29, 2005, Appenzell, Switz.), after surviving the Holocaust and immigrating to Israel, wrote prolifically and gained a large and appreciative …   Universalium

  • Kishon, Ephraim — (1924 2005)    Israel s premier satirist who was known for his biting wit. Born as Ferenc Hoffmann in Budapest, Hungary, he survived the Holocaust and immigrated (see ALIYA) to Israel in 1949, where he changed his name to Hebrew. A writer known… …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

  • Kishon, Ephraim — (b. 1924)    Israeli humorist. Kishon was born in Budapest. He escaped from German and Russian camps and settled in Israel after the war. He is generally regarded as the leading Israeli humorist. He is the author of such plays as The Marriage… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Kishon, Ephraim — (b. 1924)    Israeli humourist. He was born in Hungary and moved to Israel in 1949. From 1952 he wrote a column in the newspaper Maariv, which dealt with political and social issues. He published books, plays, film scripts, stories and articles… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Ephraïm Kishon — Ephraim Kishon Ephraim Kishon (אפרים קישון), né le 23 août 1924 et mort le 29 janvier 2005), était un écrivain, journaliste, chroniqueur et scénariste satirique israélien. Biographie Né Ferenc Hoffmann dans une famille juive… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ephraim Kishon — spielt mit seinem Schachcomputer gegen den damaligen Weltmeister Vladimir Kramnik, Dortmund 2001 Ephraim Kishon (hebräisch ‏אפרים קישון‎; ) (* 23. August 1924 in Budapest als Ferenc Hoffmann; † 29. Januar 2005 in Meistersrüte (Appenzel …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Ephraim Kishon — Infobox Actor bgcolour = name = Ephraim Kishon imagesize = caption = birthdate = birth date|1924|08|23|df=yes location = Flagicon|HUN Budapest, Hungary deathdate = death date and age |2005|01|29|1924|08|23|df=yes deathplace = Appenzell,… …   Wikipedia

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